This comprehensive guide aims to explain the basic process of breeding French Bulldogs, a breed that often requires professional intervention due to its unique health requirements.

If you’re considering breeding your female French Bulldog (the Dam) for the first time, it can indeed be a daunting endeavor. However, with the right knowledge and tools, you can navigate this process more effectively.

French Bulldog Puppies - Newborn huddled.
French Bulldog puppies cuddling together.

Find a High-Quality French Bulldog Stud

The journey begins with finding a high-quality French Bulldog stud. You need to ensure the stud meets stringent health standards to produce a healthy litter. Commonly, these studs are referred to as 4 panel clear, a term denoting that they’re free from four major genetic diseases. As breeding French Bulldogs can potentially lead to issues like hearing and vision impairments, it is crucial to familiarize yourself with the breed’s genetics. For this, you can check out educational resources like our YouTube videos that explain these complexities.

Astro the platinum lilac french bulldog who appears which is sitting on a tree stump.
Our Lilac Platinum Stud Astro can be used to create lilacs, cocoa, platinum, and cream offspring.

Securing a French Bulldog stud involves settling on a price, which can vary from $2,000 to over $10,000 based on health, color, and purebred registration status. Subsequently, a deposit is typically required, along with a signed contract outlining the terms of breeding. Keep in mind that the flexibility of these contracts varies among breeders.

Monitor the Health of Your Dam

Your Dam should ideally be one and a half years old before breeding. Signs of heat in your female, like visible blood or significant swelling of the vulva, indicate readiness for breeding. The Dam’s progesterone levels are tested to determine the ideal time for insemination, with the most favorable day falling between 11-13 days from the first sign of heat.

A lilac french bulldog sits on a deck in the winter.
Nova, the Lilac French Bulldog getting some fresh air.

Artificial Insemination in French Bulldogs

Given the breed’s health peculiarities, artificial insemination is the preferred method for French Bulldogs. You may need to arrange for the stud’s semen to be shipped to your vet, or the entire insemination process can occur in a veterinary clinic. Keep the stud owner updated on the progesterone levels for well-timed semen shipment. For better results, consider performing two artificial insemination procedures, if preferred.

French Bulldog Sperm/Semen in a Centrifuge tube.
French Bulldog Semen/Sperm can be shipped and preserved for up to ten days.

Change in Diet Post-Insemination

After insemination, it’s advisable to enrich your Dam’s diet. Switching to puppy food is a common practice among breeders during this period. You might also consider adding a folic acid supplement to her diet, as it can help reduce the risk of puppies being born with a cleft palate

The Pregnancy and Labor Phase

Approximately 30 days after insemination, an ultrasound can be performed to confirm pregnancy and estimate the litter size. Pregnancy in French Bulldogs typically lasts for 63 days, with the delivery often necessitating a C-section.

Ultrasound Confirms a French Bulldog Puppy
French Bulldog Puppies will appear as a small circular mass inside a larger circle.

Signs of impending labor include temperature dropping, excessive panting, nesting, and loss of appetite. Mis-timing the C-section can lead to loss of life, hence observing these signs meticulously is crucial.

Caring for the Newborn Puppies

If the labor and delivery process goes smoothly, you’ll have healthy French Bulldog puppies to care for. This involves ensuring a safe environment with a whelping box, a heat source, and a plan for their safe transportation. Puppies require constant monitoring, particularly in the early weeks.

Frenchie Mom and Pups
Lilac Frenchie, Lexi feeding her pups.

Post-Whelping Care

Once the puppies have arrived safely, it’s time to ensure they’re properly cared for. This involves regular feedings, vaccinations, deworming, and health checks. Be vigilant for signs of common health issues, such as respiratory distress, lack of weight gain, or feeding difficulties. It’s also necessary to observe the Dam’s health post-delivery, as she could also experience health issues.

French Bulldog Puppy barking at Adult Frenchie
Puppy Elon thinks he can beat our stud, Astro in a wrestling match

Socialization and Training

From about three weeks old, puppies start to interact more with their surroundings. It’s an excellent time to commence socialization, gradually exposing them to various sounds, experiences, people, and other animals. Always ensure that these interactions are controlled and positive. Basic obedience training, such as potty training, can also be initiated during this period.

Weaning Process

The weaning stage typically starts around four weeks old. Begin by slowly introducing the puppies to solid food, preferably high-quality puppy food. Monitor their reactions and ensure that they’re adapting well to this transition.

Frenchie Puppy Eating
French Bulldog Puppy learning to eat.

Selection of Potential Owners

Unless you’re planning to keep all the puppies, you’ll have to find them suitable homes. You’ll need to thoroughly screen potential owners to guarantee a safe and loving environment for your puppies. Start the vetting process early, ideally as soon as pregnancy is confirmed, to manage this task more effectively.

C3 Clear French Bulldog Stud Aries
C3 Clear French Bulldog Stud Aries Only Travels first-class.

Preparation for New Homes

Before the puppies can move to their new homes (typically at 8-12 weeks old), ensure you microchip them and administer their initial vaccinations. Depending on your vet’s advice, you may also need to spay or neuter them. To ease the transition, consider providing new owners with a care package, including a blanket or toy that smells like the puppy’s mom and littermates. This familiar scent can offer comfort to the puppies during this significant change.

French Bulldog sitting in the grass.
French Bulldog stud, Aries in the tall grass.

Join a Frenchie Community

Breeding French Bulldogs is a significant commitment and entails overcoming many challenges. If you’re a first-time breeder, continue to learn more about the process, join support groups, and stay updated with the latest veterinary science advancements related to French Bulldog breeding. Regular participation in community forums and workshops can provide valuable insights, helping you better prepare for this exciting yet demanding journey.


What day should I inseminate my female French Bulldog?

You should inseminate based on progesterone blood testing. The average day is around 11-13 from the first sign of menstrual blood.

How do I know what color the French Bulldog puppies will be?

The color of French Bulldogs can be predicted with fairly high accuracy based on genetic testing. This is all based on dominant and recessive gene combinations. You can learn more about that here.

What are the major risks of Breeding French Bulldogs?

There are many risk factors. Many Frenchies have difficulty passing pups through their canal and require a C-section. There are illnesses and other complications/diseases that can have a critical impact on mom and the litter.

Should I Artificially Inseminate my French Bulldog or let them mate naturally?

If they are living together you can try and let them mate naturally, but it is best to perform artificial insemination.

How long are French Bulldogs pregnant?

It takes 63 days from the time of conception until puppies are ready to be born.

What is the average-sized litter for French Bulldogs?

The average litter size is 4-5 pups.

Build Incredible Lines with Us!

Do you want to work with us? We can help you create incredible, healthy French Bulldog lines that will take your breeding program to the next level. Sign up now for our breeder newsletter for the latest information and exclusive offers on our stud service available across North America.


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